This sect is a misguided one which is an offshoot of the Shee’ah (Raafidhah) sect of al-Ithnaa ‘Ashariyyah. Its first beginnings were in Iran. It was called the “al-Baabiyyah” because it was in reference to its founder who called himself “al-Baab”. And al-Baab claimed prophethood for himself, and that Allaah was present within him.
The founder of al-Baabiyyah was a man called ‘Alee Muhammad ash-Sheeraazee who began his da’wah in 1260A.H.
From amongst the false claims of this man were that he claimed for himself intercession or “the door” to reaching the awaited Imaam al-Kharaafee. Thereafter he claimed that he was Imaam Mahdee himself. He later surpassed himself and claimed he was in actual fact a prophet and messenger who came forth with a book called “al-Bayaan” which he claimed was better than the Qur.aan. He then exceed this by claiming that Allaah was present within himself.
al-Baab and his followers staged a conference in the desert in Dasht in 1264A.H. where they revealed their kufr and announced that Islaam had been abrogated by their religion “al-Kharaafee” which opposed the muslims in their fundamental pillars, their celebrations, the issue of inheritance and other than these.