[Performing] Hajj or ‘Umrah on behalf of another is [to be] done in three situations…
I have parents who are both of old age; my father is 75 years old, and my mother is 70. If I were to perform ‘umrah [ each on their behalf] and gifted its reward to them – while they are still alive – will they be rewarded for it?
Regarding the ‘umrah, can it be performed on behalf of another, since my father has died without performing the ‘umrah – and I live [too] far away [to do so on his behalf myself]?
My father performed the obligatory hajj before dying. [After his death] my brother performed a voluntary hajj on his behalf; so is it permissible for us to regularly perform a voluntary hajj on his behalf?
What are the actions which benefit the parents, both [when they are] alive and [when they are] dead?