The questioner says she had an operation on her throat and the doctor advised her not to fast the month of Ramadhaan. So is she required to make an expiation or [just] make up [the missed fasts]?
Ramadhaan, while I was fasting I had a nose bleed and the blood entered my body (i.e. flowed down the back of my throat and into the stomach).
What is the ruling regarding using toothpaste whilst fasting during the day in Ramadhaan?