Question: Is there any expiation for the one who has died whilst having prayers and fasts which he had not made up for? And what [form does this] expiation [take]?
Response: The prayer is not to be made up; it is not [legislated] for anyone to pray on behalf of another. As for the fast, then his representative, or next-of-kin should fast on his behalf, as he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
…and [it has been reported] in another narration:
[So to conclude], it is the fast for which someone can do on behalf of another. As for the prayer, then no-one can do so on behalf of another.