Reference: Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 1, Page 337, Fatwa No.284
Fiqh al-‘Ibaadaat – Pages 200-201
Question: What is the ruling regarding travelling in Ramadhaan for the purpose of not having to fast, and we want to know how that is?
Response: In principle, fasting is obligatory upon a person, rather it is obligatory as well as a pillar from the pillars of Islaam as is well known.
And it is not permissible for a person to do an action so as to bypass and subsequently ‘drop’ (excuse himself from) something which has been legislated by the Sharee’ah. So whoever travels in order not to have to fast, then his travel is haraam and likewise not fasting is also haraam upon him.
So it is obligatory upon him to repent to Allaah (‘Azza wa Jall) and to return from him travels and assume the fast. And if he does not return [from his travels] then it is obligatory upon him to fast even if he is travelling.
So, in conclusion, it is not permissible for a person to ploy to not having to fast in Ramadhaan by travelling because doing so to bypass and subsequently ‘drop’ (excuse himself from) a legislated obligation does not remove it, just as doing so to make something prohibited does not render it permissible.