Establishing the beginning of the lunar month

Reference: Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 1, Page 56, Fatwa No.21
Fiqh al-‘Ibaadaat – Page 172

Question: How is the [beginning of the] month of Ramadhaan established?

Response: The beginning of the month of Ramadhaan is established either by the new moon being sighted, or by the passing of 30 days of [the month of] Sha’baan. This is based on the statement of the Prophet ﷺ:

«And if you see it (the new moon of Ramadhaan) then fast, and if you see it (the new moon of Shawwaal) then break you fast. And if the clouds block [your view] then complete the count of Sha’baan thirty [days]».

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2004. He currently resides in Birmingham, UK.

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