Reference: I’laam al-Musaafireen – Page 14
Question: [Whilst travelling by plane] I went to the toilet to relieve myself, and some urine dropped on my clothing; so I sprinkled some water on the affected area and rubbed it. Is [doing] this sufficient in purifying [my garment]? Bear in mind I then made wudhoo and prayed; so what is the ruling regarding my prayer?
Response: [What you did] is not sufficient in purifying [your garment]; that is because purifying [a garment] stained with urine requires throroughly washing and rubbing [the affected area]. And some scholars have gone to the extent of saying [the affected area] must be washed seven times; however, that which is apparent [from the evidence] is that washing [the affected area] three times is sufficient in shaa.-Allaah. As for you just sprinkling [water on the affected area], then that is not sufficient. And as for what has come to pass in you having prayed in that [impure] garment, then [in shaa.-Allaah] you are excused because you were ignorant of the ruling, as Allaah Ta’aala has said:
…and Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala responded by saying: