Had intercourse with wife on first day of Ramadhaan

Reference: Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 2, Page 612, Fatwa No.607
Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem Aal ash-Shaykh – Volume 4, Page 195

Question: Regarding a man who had sexual intercourse with his wife on the first day of Ramadhaan, but did not know that was the first day of Ramadhaan?

Response: All Praise is due to Allaah [alone].

According to the math.hab [of Imaam Ahmad] he is required to make up [the fast] in addition to making an expiation. There is, however, another opinion [regarding this issue] and that is he is not required to make an expiation since he is excused; This is the opinion of Shaykh Taqi.uddeen [Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah] and other than him, and this is [the] correct [opinion], in shaa.-Allaah.

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2004. He currently resides in Birmingham, UK.

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