Intended to fast but couldn’t

Reference: al-A’maal – Pages 21-22

Question: If a woman made the intention to fast the 9th and 10th [days] of Muharram, and was then prevented from doing so due to [the onset of] her menses, will she be rewarded for her intention?

Response: If a person was determined to do an act of worship, and was [then] prevented from doing it, then the reward for the act of worship is recorded for him – even if he didn’t do it. And that is based upon what has been transmitted from the hadeeth of Abu Moosaa al-Ash’aree (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allaah ﷺ said:

«If a person becomes sick or travels, the reward for what he used to do when he was at home and in [a state of] good health will be recorded for him» – transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.

And in another hadeeth on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhumaa) that the Prophet ﷺ said:

«And whoever thinks of doing a good deed then does not do it, Allaah will write it down as one complete good deed» – transmitted by al-Bukhaaree.

And Allaah [alone] has the Complete knowledge [of all affairs].

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2004. He currently resides in Birmingham, UK.

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