That which benefits the deceased by way of the living

Reference: al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan – Volume 2, Page 161, Fatwa No.139

Question: What are the things which benefit the deceased by way of the living? And is there a difference between physical and non-physical acts of worship? We hope you will clarify these issues for us, and outline a rule which we could refer to whenever we come across issues such as these; [Please] provide us with a fatwa, and may Allaah grant you blessings [in your affairs]?

Response: The deceased benefits from the action(s) of the living by way of that which [authentic] evidence indicates [permissibility] – from supplication [for the deceased], and the seeking of forgiveness for him (the deceased) and giving in charity on his (the deceased’s) behalf and [performing] the Hajj and the ‘Umrah on his behalf and paying off his debts and executing his Islaamic will; All of these have been legislated for. And some of the scholars have attached to this all acts of worship which a Muslim does deeming their reward for a[nother] Muslim who is alive or dead. However, that which is correct is to limit [oneself] to that which [authentic] evidence indicates [permissibility] as this will be in accordance with His (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) saying:

{And that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad)} – soorah an-Najm, aayah 39

…and Allaah is the most knowledgeable [of all affairs].

Hajj Badal | Hajj e Badal | Badal Hajj | حج البدل - on behalf of your parents & other loved ones

- from London, UK. He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2004.

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