When to make the intention for the voluntary fast

Reference: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/14745

Question: Is it necessary to make the intention the night before to fast a voluntary fast [the following day]?

Response: No, it is not necessary. [Regarding] voluntary fasts, it is permissible to make the intention during the day [of the fast] – with the [strict] condition that he has not eaten nor drunk [anything] since after [the time of] Fajr. So when the day has started, and [he is sure] he has not eaten nor drunk anything since after [the time of] Fajr – and thereafter made the intention to fast the voluntary fast [at any time] before zawaal (sun at highest point – leaving no shadow), then there is no problem with that; [as] the Prophet ﷺ also did that.

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2004. He currently resides in Birmingham, UK.

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