Hajj badal and ‘umrah badal on behalf of the living and the deceased

Reference: Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Rasaa.il ‘Abdul-‘Azeez ibn Baaz – Volume 16, Pages 403-404

Question: Is it permissible to perform ‘umrah on behalf of someone who has died? And is it permissible for me to perform ‘umrah on behalf of my father who is still alive, but is unable to do so [himself]?

Response: It is permissible to perform ‘umrah and hajj on behalf of the deceased if he was a Muslim, and like this it is permissible to perform ‘umrah and hajj on behalf of a Muslim who is alive if he is unable to do so himself due to old age or an illness that is not anticipated to pass. [And this is the case] whether it is your father, or your mother, or other than them. [This is] based upon what has been authentically reported from the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) that a man asked him:

“O Messenger of Allaah, my father is very old, he cannot perform hajj [himself], nor can he ride on a mount; should I perform hajj on his behalf and ‘umrah [too]?” So the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to him:

«Perform hajj on behalf of your father, and ‘umrah [too].» – transmitted by Imaam Ahmad no.15751 and an-Nasaa.ee no.2621.

And it has [also] been authentically reported from him (sal-Allaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) that a woman from Khath’am asked him, saying:

“O Messenger of Allaah, my father is very old, and he cannot sit firm on the mount, so should I perform hajj on his behalf?” He (sal-Allaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said:

«Perform hajj on behalf of your father.» – transmitted by Imaam Ahmad no.3041 and an-Nasaa.ee no.2634.


Hajj Badal | Hajj e Badal | Badal Hajj | حج البدل - on behalf of your parents & other loved ones

Abu 'Abdullaah

- from London, UK. He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2004.

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