al-Hasan was preaching [to the people] when a man [broke down and] began sobbing; so al-Hasan said to him: ‘By Allaah you will [even] be questioned as to what you intended by this [tearful sobbing].’
Is it necessary to make the intention the night before to fast a voluntary fast [the following day]?
After a man had gone to sleep [one night], the sighting of the moon for the start of Ramadhaan was [officially] announced; [This being the case] he had not made the intention that night to fast [the following day] and [as such] he woke up in the morning and did not fast [that day] since he was unaware of the [official announcement of the] sighting of the moon. So what is obligatory upon him now?
Is it sufficient to make the intention to fast – once at the beginning [for the entire month] – or is it required separately every day?
Concerning an imaam of a Hanafee masjid who mentioned to his congregation that he has a book in which it mentions – if the intention for the fasts of Ramadhaan are not made before the last appointed time for the ‘Ishaa [prayer] or [even] after it or at the time of sahoor (the pre-dawn meal), then there is no reward for his fast. So is this correct or not?
At the beginning of the prayer, some people verbally pronounce: “I have made the intention to pray such-and-such as an obligation upon me for the Sake of Allaah the Exalted…”
What is the ruling regarding making the intention vocally, such as when some people make the intention to fast [by saying]; “O Allaah, I have made the intention to fast”?