When is it permissible for the pregnant and breastfeeding women to refrain from fasting in Ramadhaan?
There is a woman who was nine months pregnant when Ramadhaan arrived, and at the beginning of the month discharge, not blood, would flow from her and she continued to fast whilst the discharge flowed.
I am a young married woman and Allaah has blessed me with twin boys. I completed my [legislated] forty days post-birth (post partum) period on the seventh day of Ramadhaan, yet, my post partum bleeding continued beyond this time; However, the colour of my post partum blood had changed to how it was prior to the forty days (post-partum period), so what is the ruling regarding my [obligation to perform the] salaah and fasting?
The questioner says she had an operation on her throat and the doctor advised her not to fast the month of Ramadhaan. So is she required to make an expiation or [just] make up [the missed fasts]?
My father died after an illness which prevented him from fasting half the the month of Ramadhaan, and he had requested that I [make up the missed] fasts for those days. So am I required to do that or can I make an expiation [on his behalf]?
A Muslim apostated and then during the day on the 15th of Ramadhaan he repented [and re-entered the fold of Islaam]. Is he required to make up what has passed [of the missed fasts]?