Sending prayers & salutations upon the Prophet loudly after the congregational prayers

Reference: Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah – Question No.1 of Fatwa No.4600
al-Bid’u wal-Muhdathaat wa maa laa asla lahu – Page 449

Question: What is the ruling regarding sending prayers [and salutations] upon the Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) loudly after the congregational prayers, and in the supplication after the congregational prayers?

Response: All Praise is for Allaah the One, and prayers and salutations upon His Messenger and his family and his companions. To proceed:

Firstly: The reward for sending prayers [and salutations] upon the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) entails great reward, as Allaah the Almighty has commanded in the Noble Qur.aan, and the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) has encouraged it as he has explained that its reward is multiplied. He said:

«Whoever sends prayers [and salutations] upon me once, then Allaah sends prayers upon him ten times», [Saheeh Muslim/384].

It has been legislated for when his name is mentioned, after the tashahhud in the prayer, in the Jumu’ah and Nikaah khutbahs and that which is similar to these. It has not been confirmed on the authority of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), nor his companions (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhum) and nor the Imaams of the [pious] predecessors – Maalik, Abu Haneefah, al-Layth Ibn Sa’d, ash-Shaafi’ee, al-Awzaa’ee and Ahmad (rahima-humullaah) – that they used to loudly send prayers [and salutaions] upon him (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) after the congregational prayers. The good and all that is good is in following his (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) guidance and the guidance of the Rightly-Guided Khulafaa. and all of the companions (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhum). It has been confirmed on his (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) authority that he said:

«Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours (i.e. Islaam) that which is not from it, will have it rejected», [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree/2697 and Saheeh Muslim/1718].

Secondly: Supplicating is [a form of] worship, however, it has not been confirmed on the authority of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) nor his Rightly-Guided Khulafaa and nor all his companions (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhum) that they supplicated as a congregation after the prayer. Since the gathering of worshipers for supplicating after the tasleem from the prayers, as a congregation, was an innovation. It has been confirmed on his (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) authority that he said:

«Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours (i.e. Islaam) that which is not from it, will have it rejected», [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree/2697 and Saheeh Muslim/1718].

And in another narration:

«Whoever does an act which is not in agreement with us (i.e. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) and Muhammad (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ) then it will be rejected», [Saheeh Muslim/1718].

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

Abu 'Abdullaah

About Abu 'Abdullaah

– from London, UK. He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee’ah in 2004.