Is the pregnant woman and the breastfeeding woman required to make-up the fast [of the days missed in Ramadhaan] if they did not fast out of fear for their [unborn and breastfeeding] child?
A man died, leaving a son. He did not fast the month of Ramadhaan due to a legislated (acceptable) reason.
What is the ruling regarding the one who did not make up the missed fasts of Ramadhaan until the arrival of the following Ramadhaan, whilst he did not have a[n Islaamically valid] reason? Is it sufficient for him to repent [to Allaah] in addition to making up [the missed fasts] or is he [also] required to make an expiation (kaffaarah)?