I fasted two days of al-ayyaam al-beedh (13th, 14th and 15th of the lunar month) and was unable to fast the third day due to extenuating circumstances, so will I receive the reward for the two days [I did fast]?
If the secondary level (high school) exam is in Ramadhaan, is it permissible for the student to refrain from fasting in Ramadhaan so he is able to concentrate on [preparing for] the exam?
What is the ruling regarding the one who did not make up the missed fasts of Ramadhaan until the arrival of the following Ramadhaan, whilst he did not have a[n Islaamically valid] reason? Is it sufficient for him to repent [to Allaah] in addition to making up [the missed fasts] or is he [also] required to make an expiation (kaffaarah)?
In some places [on Earth], the night or the day continue for a long [period of] time, and [in others] they are so short that the time is insufficient for the five [obligatory] prayers; so how should the residents there pray?
Regarding [pronouncing] the takbeer in the masaajid, should one of the people make the takbeer and [the rest of] the people [follow by] making the takbeer after him?